AGGIORNAMENTO SCIENTIFICO IN TEMPO REALE FORNITO DA:

  • Problematic Social Networking Site use-effects on mental health and the brain
    by Aviv M Weinstein on 6 Febbraio 2023

    The association between excessive use of Social Networking Sites (SNS) and mental health is raising serious concern among health and education professionals. Problematic SNS use has been associated with an increased rate of depression, anxiety, stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and propensity to excessive alcohol use. It may also lead to vulnerability to aggression, cyberbullying and fear of missing out (FOMO). There is little evidence...

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Diagnosis, Clinical Features, Nosology, and Epidemiology
    by Matti Cervin on 5 Febbraio 2023

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by time-consuming, distressing, or impairing obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are recurrent, persistent, and intrusive thoughts, urges, or images. Compulsions are repetitive and often ritualized behaviors or mental acts performed to manage obsession-related distress or prevent harm. OCD affects 1% to 3% of the population, typically begins during adolescence or early adulthood, and can have a chronic or deteriorating course in the absence...

  • The Pharmacological Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    by Christopher Pittenger on 5 Febbraio 2023

    Pharmacological treatment is a mainstay of the care of individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Robust evidence supports the use of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and the older tricyclic drug clomipramine. Other antidepressants are less effective (or have been insufficiently studied). When first-line treatment with these agents, and with appropriate psychotherapy, is ineffective, several augmentation strategies are available, though their evidentiary support is weaker. A...

  • Neurosurgical Approaches for Treatment-Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    by Ben Shofty on 5 Febbraio 2023

    Treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (trOCD) is a severely disabling, life-threatening psychiatric disorder affecting ∼0.5% of the US population. Following the failure of multiple medical and psychotherapeutic treatment lines, patients with trOCD, like others with functional disorders, may benefit from invasive neuromodulation. Cumulative evidence suggests that disrupting abnormal hyperdirect cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) pathway activity offers sustainable, robust...

  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    by Tal Harmelech on 5 Febbraio 2023

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients need novel therapeutic interventions since most experience residual symptoms despite treatment. Converging evidence suggest that OCD involves dysfunction of limbic cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical loops, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), that tends to normalize with successful treatment. Recently, three repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) coils were FDA-cleared for...

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    by Samuel D Spencer on 5 Febbraio 2023

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by the presence of debilitating obsessions and compulsions. Cognitive and behavioral models of OCD provide a strong theoretic and empirical foundation for informing effective psychotherapeutic treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for OCD, which includes a deliberate emphasis on exposure and response/ritual prevention, has consistently demonstrated robust efficacy for the treatment of pediatric and adult OCD and is the front-line...

  • Three ways to change your mind: an epistemic framework for cognitive interventions
    by Stirling Moorey on 6 Febbraio 2023

    Belief change is an important element of much CBT, yet very little consideration has been given to the theories of knowledge, the epistemology, which underlie this process. This article argues that understanding the epistemic basis of the techniques therapists use can help guide their choice of interventions. The empirical evidence for cognitive restructuring is considered, the importance of distancing and decentring noted, and three epistemic styles are identified: the rational-empiricist,...

  • Sleep-related predictors of cognition among adults with chronic insomnia and heart failure enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia
    by Nancy S Redeker on 6 Febbraio 2023

    CONCLUSIONS: CBT-I may improve cognition in adults with chronic HF. A future fully powered randomized controlled trial is needed to confirm the extent to which CBT-I improves multiple dimensions of cognition.

  • Content and attainment of individual treatment goals in CBT
    by Anaïs Baur on 6 Febbraio 2023

    This study examined the attainment of individual treatment goals as an approach to measure treatment outcomes retrospectively in comparison to standardized self-report measures. In total, 189 outpatients defined 1-3 treatment goals (N = 455) using the Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) at the beginning of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and indicated the degree of their individual goal attainment post-treatment. The goals were assigned to content-related goal types of the Bern Inventory of...

  • Where Is Counseling in School Psychology Literature? A Review of Six Prominent School Psychology Journals
    by Stephanie Y Flood on 6 Febbraio 2023

    School psychology professionals rely on professional literature to access information on scientifically supported practices. Counseling is certainly one of those practices. The purpose of this review was to determine how many articles published in prominent peer-reviewed school psychology journals have addressed providing effective counseling services to children and youth. We wanted to determine the types of counseling approaches that were described in those articles and which approaches...

  • Exploring core mental health symptoms among persons living with HIV: A network analysis
    by Shuyu Han on 6 Febbraio 2023

    CONCLUSION: Our study provides a new perspective on the role of each mental health symptom among PLWH. To alleviate the mental health symptoms of PLWH to the greatest extent possible and comprehensively improve their mental health, we suggest that psychological professionals pay more attention to pessimistic mood and cognitive processes in PLWH. Interventions that apply positive psychology skills and cognitive behavioral therapy may be necessary components for the mental health care of PLWH.

  • Problematic Social Networking Site use-effects on mental health and the brain
    by Aviv M Weinstein on 6 Febbraio 2023

    The association between excessive use of Social Networking Sites (SNS) and mental health is raising serious concern among health and education professionals. Problematic SNS use has been associated with an increased rate of depression, anxiety, stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and propensity to excessive alcohol use. It may also lead to vulnerability to aggression, cyberbullying and fear of missing out (FOMO). There is little evidence...