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  • Adjusting Proteins Increases Ozempic’s Effectiveness
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    Adjusting melanocortin proteins in the brain enhances the effectiveness of GLP-1 diabetes and weight-loss drugs. By inhibiting MC3R or activating MC4R, mice showed increased sensitivity to these drugs, leading to more significant weight loss and reduced feeding without additional side effects.

  • OpenScope Project Unveils Brain’s Secrets
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    The OpenScope program is investigating neural activity through four new projects, exploring topics like psilocybin's effects, motion perception, visual texture recognition, and subtle changes in appearance. By using advanced imaging techniques in mice, researchers aim to understand how the brain processes these complex functions.

  • AI Mimics Human Decision-Making for Better Accuracy
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    Researchers developed a neural network that mimics human decision-making by incorporating elements of uncertainty and evidence accumulation. This model, trained on handwritten digits, produces more human-like decisions compared to traditional neural networks.

  • Obesity Gene Influences Brain Activity
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    Researchers have identified the SH2B1 gene's crucial role in regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Mutations in SH2B1 are linked to obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic dysfunction-associated liver disease.

  • Beta Brain Waves: A Novel Brain Signature for Depression
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    A new study identifies beta frequency neural activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) as crucial for recognizing rewards and shaping behavior. This neural signature is altered in patients with depression, suggesting it could serve as a biomarker and potential treatment target for anhedonia.

  • Creativity’s Neural Origin Revealed
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    Researchers have identified how the brain's default mode network (DMN) collaborates with other regions to produce creative thought. By using advanced brain imaging techniques, they tracked real-time brain activity during creative tasks.

  • Anesthesia Induces Unconsciousness by Destabilizing Brain Activity
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    Neuroscientists have discovered that the anesthesia drug propofol causes unconsciousness by disrupting the brain's balance between stability and excitability. The drug leads to increasingly unstable brain activity, preventing the brain from maintaining normal consciousness.

  • Consciousness Evolved for Social Survival, Not Individual Benefit
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    A recent study suggests that consciousness evolved not for individual survival, but for social purposes, helping humans communicate ideas and emotions. Researchers argue that intuition heavily influences our understanding of consciousness, complicating scientific explanations.

  • Adolescent Boys Show Aggression When Masculinity is Threatened
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    A new study reveals that adolescent boys respond aggressively to perceived threats to their masculinity, particularly in environments with rigid gender norms. Researchers found that boys whose motivation to be masculine is socially pressured are more likely to exhibit aggression.

  • Night Owls Have Higher Cognitive Aptitude
    by Neuroscience News on 15 Luglio 2024

    A recent study links sleep preferences to brain performance, finding that "night owls" often score higher on cognitive tests than "morning larks." Researchers analyzed data from over 26,000 people, highlighting that sleeping 7-9 hours a night optimizes brain function.

  • Neural Biomarker for OCD Identified
    by Neuroscience News on 13 Luglio 2024

    Researchers discovered a neural activity pattern that can accurately predict and monitor the clinical status of OCD patients undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS). The study highlights how this biomarker can guide DBS therapy, improving treatment outcomes for those with severe, treatment-resistant OCD.

  • AI Predicts Alzheimer’s Progression
    by Neuroscience News on 13 Luglio 2024

    A new AI tool predicts Alzheimer's progression with 82% accuracy using cognitive tests and MRI scans, outperforming current methods. This tool could reduce the need for costly tests and improve early intervention. Alzheimer's disease is the main cause of dementia, affecting over 55 million people worldwide.